Not being lead astray by vendors
- Incident management is the ability to create a ticket.
- Problem management is the ability to associate one ticket with another.
- Root cause analysis is the ability to type in a description field on a ticket.
Some vendors also drank CMDB Kool-aid and offered up a pimped up inventory database. This was meant to keep this house of cards from crashing down.
"A fool with a tool is still a fool!" I have been such a type of fool and along the way probably spent unnecessary moolah! So I mused as to what combination of tools, knowledge and learning would constitute a practical benefit to problem management. My musings and wanderings lead me to discover the problem management "sweet spot!" The problem management "sweet spot" is the diagnosis of a service failure of severe negative business consequence. It is not the detection or the actual act of return to service. It is not the physical infrastructure or the logical application. It is all about prioritizing the diagnosis of an immediate workaround, then investigating a sustainable resolution.
There are as many vendors selling detection tools as there are Schmidts in Germany. However, detection is never an underlying issue, as usually your customers will tell you (and often in a not to pleasant manner!) Alternatively, a return to service is totally dependant on a diagnosis. Diagnosis is extremely difficult to nail down to a set time period. When 5h1t happens it is not possible to say with absolute certainty that it would be possible to nail a diagnosis within a fixed time period, say five minutes. Many service providers are quite prepared to commit this to a "SLA" and ride their luck.
So back to a tool for problem management. Does one exist? Problem management is dependant on knowledge created from learning. This is not provided by a tool but the output should at least be stored in a type of repository.
The most current practical tools are not bought for a million dollars but for a measly few. They called pen and paper and are the basis for the start of documentation.
I am not trying to be a similar heretic to those weird consultants who proclaim enterprise architecture can be done with spreadsheets. It is about being practical and using a set of tools. Most tools in IT that provide service, network and systems management are disproportionally priced for the value and business case they address. And then to crown it all, none really do root cause analysis as defined in Heinrich's multiple causation model. The exception being the open source ones, who have a perfect price!
Besides the Bic pen and A4 counter book, then next most important tool is the voice multipoint conference. A tool does not communicate or involve stakeholders. (And automated emails is an overrated spam creator!) This leads to the further form of collaboration whose backbone is documentation. I have previously blogged about the Techie curse, which is a reluctance to create and work with documentation. A Pareto analysis of the major reasons for delays in times to diagnose, would be the lack of appropriate documentation! If this is the issue then the most important tool for problem management is one that addresses this oversight.
A key cornerstone of documentation is Standard Operating Procedures which need to be readily available and accessible. A tool that fulfils these requirements is a wiki. This is a type of portal to which any problem management collaboration is directed. It provides an appropriate use of Web 2.0 social networking tools in a service management context. The worst form of collaboration is email. It stinks and is often misconstrued.
Any resolution to a problem is never complete unless the paper work is done.